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Twister

The GERSTEL Twister® enables efficient extraction of organic compounds from aqueous matrices based on Stir Bar Sorptive Extraction (SBSE).

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The GERSTEL Twister® enables efficient extraction of organic compounds from aqueous matrices based on Stir Bar Sorptive Extraction (SBSE). SBSE is a solvent-free extraction technique, which is significantly faster than most conventional extraction techniques. SBSE is up to 1000 x more sensitive than SPME since the stir bar has significantly more sorbent volume and since it can extract, and concentrate analytes from, a much larger sample volume due to the efficient stirring. The Twister may look like a conventional magnetic stirring rod, but while it stirs samples, such as water, body fluids or beverages it absorbs and concentrates organic compounds into its sorbent coating. A large number of samples can be extracted simultaneously using multi-position stir plates resulting in high productivity and throughput. Labour- and resource-intensive sample preparation steps are eliminated. Analytes are typically desorbed from the Twister using thermal desorption. Liquid desorption using a solvent can be performed whenever the analytes are very high-boiling, thermally labile, or when they must be determined by HPLC. The GERSTEL Twicester® offers a simple possibility to position one or more Twisters magnetically on the inner wall of a sample vial for more efficient sample extraction. The Twicester® approach enables the extraction of a sample using more Twisters simultaneously, for example using Twisters with different types of phases for a more complete combined extraction and improved analyte recovery.

GC-Analysis

When the SBSE-step has been completed, the Twister is transferred to either a Thermal Desorption Unit TDU or a Thermal Desorption System TDS. Thermal desorption and GC/MS determination of the concentrated organic compounds are then performed in one integrated system under integrated software control. Using the multi-desorption mode, multiple Twister desorption’s can be performed for each GC/MS run resulting in even higher sensitivity and lower limits of detection.

LC-Analysis

Involatile, polar or thermally labile compounds can be extracted from the Twister with a solvent using Twister Back-Extraction TBE for subsequent determination by LC/MS.

  • Up to a 1000 times lower detection limits than SPME
  • Quantitative, with large linear range
  • A large number of samples can be extracted simultaneously for highest productivity
  • Requires minimal time and labour
  • Thermal desorption and GC/MS analysis are performed in one automated system

Related application notes

Determination of Trace (pg/L) Levels of Cypermethrin in Water Using Stir Bar Sorptive Extraction

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Comparison of Extraction Techniques for Volatiles in a Selection of Spirits and Liqueurs

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Dynamic Headspace (DHS) for the Screening of Fragrance Compounds in Flowers by GC/Q-TOF Using Chemometrics

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Comparison of Different Sample Introduction Techniques for the Analysis and Characterisation of e-Liquids Using GC-MS

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Determination of Hydrocarbons in Fungi Growing Media by Twister TDU-GC/Q-TOF

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Use of SBSE for Clean-up of QuEChERS Extracts From Complex Matrices

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Cleanup of QuEChERS Extracts Using SBSE for LC-MS/MS Determination of Pesticides in Food Products

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Trace Analysis of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Water Using Twister SBSE Technology

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Use of SPE and Twister (SBSE) to Enrich Heptachlor and Heptachlor Epoxide From Water with a GC/Q-TOF in NCI

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